Throat conditions are numerous and include basic care and treatment for a sore throat to swallowing and speech disorders. For your reference, some common conditions and care are listed below. If you have any questions on a certain condition not listed, please don’t hesitate to call our office.
- Sore throats can be painful and sometimes can cause laryngitis. Many things can cause a sore throat, including colds, flu, viral infections, strep throat, tonsillitis, GERD (reflux), nasal drainage, yelling, and dryness in the air. Since there are so many causes, treatments vary widely. In some cases, such as a viral infection, you would not use antibiotics to treat them. If it is a bacterial infection, antibiotics would be prescribed. In the case of GERD or acid reflux, our physicians may prescribe antacids. To soothe the symptoms of a sore throat it is especially important to stay hydrated with water. In all cases, if your sore throat lasts longer than a week you should definitely make an appointment with one of our physicians.
- Snoring is a common condition occurring while sleeping when breathing is obstructed. When you breathe air flows past the tissues inside your throat. This air flow causes the tissues to vibrate, which creates a snoring sound. There are many ways to help minimize or stop snoring such as stopping smoking, sleeping on your side, minimizing alcohol consumption at night, using a medical device called a CPAP machine, and sometimes surgery is needed.
- Tonsillitis is an inflammation and swelling of the tonsils in your throat. Your tonsils serve to trap germs that enter through your mouth and also produce antibodies to prevent infections. Bacterial and viral infections can cause tonsillitis. If it is severe, it can block your airway. Some the main symptoms of tonsillitis are: pain, redness, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, swollen glands, fever, ear pain, a white or yellow coating on the tonsils. Antibiotics will be used if the cause of the tonsillitis is bacteria. It is best to see one of our physicians to properly diagnose and treat the problem.
- Difficulty swallowing, called Dysphagia, is a throat condition that causes a person to make an effort swallowing when eating or drinking. Sometimes a person will not be able to swallow at all. You should see one of our physicians to diagnose and treat this condition, as it could indicate a serious problem.
- Hoarseness is a change in your voice resulting in volume changes, a raspy voice, a strained voice, or sounding very breathy. Voice changes are related to the vocal cords and larynx. Hoarseness can occur from smoking, allergies, excessive talking, loud talking or yelling, or various different medical conditions such as cysts or polyps. Treatment varies according to diagnosis. If hoarseness persists, you should see one of our physicians for evaluation.